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The Volvo XC90 is a luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by Volvo Cars since two thousand two and now in its 2nd generation.
Very first generation (P2): 2002–2016 
2nd generation (SPA): 2014–present
The very first generation was introduced at the two thousand two North American International Auto Demonstrate and used the Volvo P2 platform collective with the very first generation Volvo S80 and other large Volvo cars. It was manufactured at Volvo’s Torslandaverken. Volvo moved production equipment of the very first generation to China and ended Swedish production at the end of 2014, renaming the car as the Volvo XC Classic (or Volvo XC90 Classic). The XC90 was Volvo’s top-selling vehicle in the United States and also Volvo’s best selling model worldwide in two thousand five with 85,994 cars sold.
In the end of 2014, the 2nd generation XC90 was introduced. It is based on a fresh global platform, called Scalable Product Architecture or SPA for brief. Both generations of the XC90 have won Motor Trend’s SUV of the Year award in their debuts.
- 2002–2014 (XC90)
- 2014–2016 (XC Classic)
- 2003–2015 (XC90)
- 2014–2016 (XC Classic)
- Sweden: Torslanda (Torslandaverken)
- China: Daqing
- Malaysia: Shah Alam (SMA)
- Two.Five L B5254T2turbochargedI5
- Two.9 L B6294Ttwin-turbochargedI6
- Trio.Two L SI6I6
- Four.Four L B8444SV8
- Two.Four L D5244T4turbodieselI5
- Two.Four L D5244T5turbodieselI5
- 6-speed Volvo M66manual
- 4-speed GM 4T65 AWDautomatic
- 5-speed Aisin AW55-50/51SNautomatic
- 6-speed Aisin TF-80SCautomatic
- 2003–2004 &
2007–present: Two,857 mm (112.Five in)
- 2003–2006: Four,821 mm (189.8 in)
- 2007–present: Four,807 mm (189.Trio in)
- 2003–2012: 1,909 mm (75.Two in)
- 2013–present: 1,935 mm (76.Two in)
In January 2001, Volvo débuted its Venture Concept Car at the North American International Auto Demonstrate, to gauge reaction to the styling and features of its upcoming SUV.  In November 2001, Volvo released a teaser pic displaying the frontal styling of the production version, named the XC90. Notable as Volvo’s very first SUV model, the styling of the XC90 recalled the concept.  In January 2002, the utter XC90 unveiling occurred, at the North American International Auto Demonstrate.  Production began in August 2002, after Volvo’s traditional mid-year shutdown, with the very first XC90s coming out of the Torslanda factory in Sweden. 
At its North American launch for the two thousand three model year, the XC90 was introduced with a choice of two trim levels, the Two.Five T and the T6. The Two.Five T was the entry level version and suggested a Two.5-litre B5254T2 “T5” turbocharged inline-five engine, producing two hundred eight hp (155 kW) and two hundred thirty six lb·ft (320 N·m) mated to an Aisin co-developed five-speed AW55-50/51 automatic. The T6 suggested a Two.9-litre B6294T twin-turbocharged inline-six with two hundred sixty eight hp (200 kW) and two hundred eighty lb·ft (380 N·m) mated to a GM-sourced, Volvo-modified four-speed 4T65EV/GT automatic. While the Two.5T came standard with front-wheel drive, a Haldex Traction all-wheel drive (AWD) system was optional. The T6 was suggested only with the AWD system.
A Yamaha V8 engine was added in 2005. This Four.4-litre Volvo B8444S engine produced two hundred eighty eight hp (215 kW) for the very first few models later upgraded to three hundred eleven hp (232 kW) and three hundred twenty five lb·ft (441 N·m) of torque. Volvo sold just over 40,000 XC90 units in North America that year. 
The ex-host of Top Gear, Jeremy Clarkson, has wielded three of these vehicles, [Ten] and claims they were designed by someone who must’ve had children due to its practicality.
2007 update Edit
The XC90 was updated for two thousand seven with a restyled front and rear and a revised interior. The two hundred thirty five hp (175 kW; two hundred thirty eight PS) Trio.Two L SI6 straight-6 engine substituted the two hundred eight hp (155 kW; two hundred eleven PS) B524T2 straight-5 in the base model for the US market. The two thousand seven XC90 debuted in April two thousand six at the Fresh York Auto Demonstrate.
2009, 2010, and two thousand twelve updates Edit
For model year (MY) two thousand nine model, the XC90 received a fresh rear logo, featuring larger lettering with broader spaces inbetween the “VOLVO” letters.
In 2010, all XC90 models received painted wheel arches (previously they were optional). In addition, a fresh, larger, circular Volvo logo appeared on the front grille.
For MY 2012, fresh LED tail-lights became available on certain models, albeit entry-level models retain the previous style. For MY 2013, the XC90 received a cosmetic refresh that included standard LED daytime running lights and taillights, and exterior revisions including figure colour bumpers, rocker panels and silver trim substituting black plastic trim.
The refreshed model went on sale during late spring two thousand twelve with a base price of US$40,395 for a front-wheel drive base model.  For the two thousand fourteen model year the base price is US$39,700 . 
Very first generation models Edit
XC90 Ocean Race Edit
In early two thousand five a special version called Ocean Race Edition was unveiled. Special blue colour, leather interior with contrast stitching and special interior trim.  A total of eight hundred were made. 
Volvo XC90 Ocean Race pre-facelift
XC Classic Edit
The very first generation Volvo XC90 resumes to be sold in China as the XC Classic.  It is being produced at the fresh Volvo factory located in Daqing,  Heilongjiang Province, with the necessary tooling shipped over from Sweden.  Equipment levels were switched compared to the international versions and only one engine, a Two.5L turbo petrol 5-cylinder engine [Legitimate] with two hundred twenty hp, is available. All XC Classic come with AWD as standard and either a 5-speed manual or 5-speed automatic transmission. [Nineteen] It is priced below the 2nd generation XC90. 
The Volvo XC90’s front end is designed to absorb frontal impacts and also deflect any pedestrians up on to the rubber hood of the vehicle rather than underneath the vehicle. Volvo has patented the unique frontal structure that features crumple zones, and predetermined positions for the engine and other ancillaries during a frontal influence. [ citation needed ]
The XC90’s roof is reinforced with ultra-high-strength steel to help prevent a collapse in the passenger cavity in the event of a roll-over. This Volvo system is marketed as ROPS, and is closely associated with the Roll Stability Control (RSC), electronic stability control (DSTC), and SIPS systems of Volvo to prevent and ultimately minimise accident coerces. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration measures the roll-over risk of the two thousand thirteen XC90 as 17.9%.  The max. sideway thrust is 0.77g. 
The XC90’s rear structure has been designed to absorb influence energy, with occupants are also protected by a whiplash protection system. Marketed as WHIPS, the system cradles the occupants during a rear end collision.
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety awarded the Volvo XC90 their Top Safety Pick award. The XC90 was granted the IIHS’s highest rating of “good” in front, side, rear and roof strength tests and has Electronic Stability Control as standard equipment to receive the award. 
The industry-first Roll Stability Control was very first introduced in XC90 in 2003.  
At the end of July 2007, Volvo Car Corp. announced the recall of 42,211 two thousand five model year XC90s for risk of battery brief circuit and fire. The vehicles were manufactured in the Swedish Torslanda Plant inbetween seven June 2004, and thirteen May 2005.  The recall only applies to cars in the US and Canada.  There have been no reports of brief circuiting in the vehicles. [ citation needed ]
- Sweden: Torslanda (Torslandaverken)
- Malaysia: Shah Alam (VCMM)
- Thomas Ingenlath 
- Robin Page (interior designer) 
- Two.0 L Drive-EturbochargedI4
- Two.0 L Drive-EtwinchargedI4
- Two.0 L Drive-EtwinchargedI4hybrid electrified
- Two.0 L Drive-EturbodieselI4
- Two.0 L Drive-Etwin-turbodieselI4
In May two thousand twelve Volvo announced that the 2nd generation XC90 will go into production in late 2014, with orders being taken in two thousand fourteen and the vehicle officially going on sale in 2015.  The SUV will be sold in Europe, Asia and North America. Volvo expects the United States to account for at least a third of global sales. 
The fresh XC90 is based on Volvo’s fresh platform, marketed as Scalable Product Architecture (SPA) technology which features a stronger platform suggesting weight reduction while improving safety and efficiency. [ citation needed ]
The vehicle is longer, broader and lower than its predecessor.  All engines in the XC90 will be Two.0-litre four-cylinder Drive-E powertrains with Volvo’s eight-speed Geartronic transmission. The line-up will include two petrol engines: a twincharged three hundred twenty hp T6, producing four hundred nm of torque and a turbocharged two hundred fifty four hp T5, producing three hundred fifty nm of torque, two diesel engines: a twin turbo two hundred thirty five hp D5, producing four hundred seventy nm of torque and a turbocharged one hundred ninety hp D4, producing four hundred nm of torque. The top-of-the-line model is the XC90 Twin Engine, a plug-in hybrid which combines the more powerful petrol engine at the front with an electrical motor at the rear to produce four hundred hp and six hundred forty nm of torque. 
The Very first Edition of the all-new Volvo XC90, 1,927 individually numbered cars only available for sale via digital commerce, sold out in forty seven hours after orders opened on three September 2014.  All 1,927 of the Very first Edition models, which could feature either the Petrol T6 or Diesel D5 engine, were finished in Onyx Black and feature 21-inch alloy wheels and include every available vehicle option. The limited production run number represents the year the Swedish brand was launched, with each model fitted with uniquely numbered tread plates and a distinctive rear mounted badge,  with customers able to select their XC90 Very first Edition numbers. Number one was allocated to Carl XVI Gustav, the King of Sweden, with number ten going to Zlatan Ibrahimović, Swedish professional footballer.
The fresh XC90 has a redesigned chassis with dual wishbone front suspension and a fresh integral link rear axle incorporating transverse leaf springs of lightweight material. The fresh XC90 can also be tooled with electronically managed air suspension with a choice of five modes. 
The interior features a 9″ tablet-like touch screen control console along with steering wheel controls and voice-control system, all linked to an interface, marketed as Sensus, which permits for access to cloud-based apps including Internet radio, connected navigation, parking, music streaming, OS mirroring Apple and Android devices in the touch screen display, and a Wi-Fi hot spot for using a tablet in the car. Other features include a gear lever made of Orrefors crystal as well as diamond-cut controls for the commence/stop button and drive mode control, located on the centre console inbetween the driver and passenger seats.
The highest level audio system in the XC90 features a 1400W Class-D amplifier and nineteen Bowers & Wilkins speakers as well as one of the very first air-ventilated subwoofers in a car. [ citation needed ] Integrated into the car bod, it turns the entire interior space into a large subwoofer. The latest sound processing software has been used to manage the timing of the sound and co-ordination of the speakers.
The vehicle’s seats have also been redesigned with adjustable side bolsters, seat cushion extension and rubdown. The 2nd row features three individual seats with recline adjustment. A sliding function can be used to create more legroom for the passengers in the third row or to increase loading space. An integrated child booster cushion in the centre seat is available. The Volvo XC90 seats five people or can be available with 3rd row seating which seats seven people just like the BMW X5, Toyota 4Runner, Kia Sorento, Nissan Rogue, Dodge Journey, Mitsubishi Outlander, and the 2nd generation GMC Acadia.
Volvo Cars’ air purification system has been improved by adding a fresh carbon filter for more efficient capture of petite, particles and pollen in the incoming air. The 2nd generation XC90 offers a 360° view system capable of providing the driver with a birds-eye view, whereby information from all cameras is gathered and digitally integrated in a central processor to form a 360° picture. The rear sensing system, marketed as Park Assist Pilot, offers automatic reversing into a parking bay. 
The 2nd generation XC90 is the very first Volvo to carry the company’s fresh, more prominent metal mark, which has the iconic arrow aligned with the diagonal metallic slash across the grille along with t-shaped LED daytime running lights. [ citation needed ]
The car will be available in five trim levels (Volvo describing it as “expressions”), namely Kinetic (base trim level), Momentum, Inscription (a more luxurious trim), R-design (a sportier trim) and Excellence (ultra-luxury).  
The 2nd Generation Volvo XC90 SUV features a comprehensive and technologically sophisticated standard safety package (IntelliSafe), including two world very first safety technologies: Run-off-road protection package and Auto brake at intersection. These Volvo safety features mean that the 2nd Generation Volvo XC90 is, as of 2015, the safest SUV in the world.  
The Volvo XC90 safety systems include:
- Run-off-road protection package. In a run-off-road screenplay, the all-new Volvo XC90 detects what is happening and the front safety belts are tightened to keep the occupants in position. To help prevent Spinal cord injury, energy-absorbing functionality inbetween the seat and seat framework cushions the vertical coerces that can arise when the car encounters a hard landing in the terrain. 
- City Safety with auto brake in intersections. The XC90 is the very first car in the world with technology that features automatic braking if the driver turns in front of an oncoming car.  This is a common screenplay at busy city crossings as well as on highways, where the speed thresholds are higher.
- IntelliSafe with City Safety has become the umbrella name for all of Volvo Cars’ auto brake Collision avoidance functions, which are standard equipment in the fresh XC90. This equipment now covers vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians in front of the car during both day and night.
- Adaptive Cruise Control with Pilot Assisttraffic jam assistant enables safe and convenient semi-autonomous driving by automatically following the vehicle ahead in stop-and-go traffic. Acceleration, braking and now also steering are managed automatically. 
In the midst of the vehicle’s Australian release in August 2015, the All-New two thousand sixteen XC90 was labelled by a major media source as being an SUV that will be the safest car in Australia. The Volvo brand has also made the claim that “By 2020, nobody shall be gravely injured or killed in a fresh Volvo.” 
EURONCAP tested in two thousand fifteen a XC90 (model year 2016), 5-door SUV with standard equipment. EuroNCAP regards the XC90 model as the overall best performer.  NHTSA presently only recorded for rollover.